Tiziana della Ragione holds an M.A. in Middle Eastern Studies (MAMES) from Tel Aviv University. Previously, she has worked for the European Commission for 13 years, on policy analysis and research programs' management. She is an expert on EU policies and funding programs in the MENA region.
 Covid-19: L'essentiel des mesures annoncées par Hichem Mechichi,” Business News, October 3, 2020.
 Maher Chaabane, “Tunisie: l’Education optera pour l’enseignement à distance, en cas de fermeture des écoles, Webdo, September 29, 2020.
 Nizar Alaya, Riadh Ben Jelili, and Abdessatar Mabkhout, “Déséquilibres régionaux et inégalités sociales en Tunisie, Axes et actions prioritaires,” Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Tunisie, 2018.
 “Jendouba: rally in solidarity with the family of little girl Maha,” Agence Tunis Afrique Presse, November 14, 2019.
 Hajer Mehouachi, “Indice Global de la Compétitivité Davos 2019,” Ministère du Development, de l’Investissement et de la Coopération Internationale, Institut Tunisien de la Compétitivité et des Etudes Quantitatives, November 2019.
 Safwan M. Masri, “Repairing Tunisia’s Education System in Key to Tackling its economic Woes,” al-Fanar Media, May 23, 2019.
 Kristen Canavan, “Education Reform 2016-2020: Building a better future for students in Tunisia?,” Nawaat, September 19, 2016.
 “Tunisia Annual Country Report 2018: Country Strategic Plan (CSP) 2018-2022,” World Food Program.
 “Tunisia’s Mechichi Government: Context and Challenges,” Arab Center, Washington D. C., September 14, 2020.
 “Tunisia: teachers unite to demand essential education reform,” Education International, January 17, 2017.
 This is an independent group of university professors known by the abbreviation, “Ijaba,” which means “answer” in Arabic. For more information on their activities see their Facebook page, accessed on October 18, 2020.
 Ibtissem Jamel and Tarel Abd El-Galil, “Protests Disrupt Universities in Algeria and Tunisia,” al-Fanar Media, July 2, 2018.
 “Tunisian teachers resume protests after winter break,” Middle East Monitor, January 3, 2019.
 Sami Adouani and Said Ben Sedrine, “Trade Unions in Transformation:Trade Union Power and Democratic Transition in Tunisia, The UGTT: A Unique Story, An Unprecedented Experience,” Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, January 2018.
 CGTT opposes an excessively centralized unitary trade union organization such as the UGTT and proposes a confederation based on the principle of federation, where the latter have broad prerogatives. Its membership is progressive, democratic, and mainly composed of women and young people under 40. Unlike UGTT, CGTT's role is not limited to the civil service, but it also encompasses innovative private sectors. OTT is a militant trade union organization, aligned with Islamists, set up to counter the UGTT, which it does not consider independent and aligned with certain political parties. UTT, which became Union Syndicale des Travailleurs Tunisiens (USTT) in 2016, aims to build a social solidarity economy and cement the principle of union plurality; it embraces all components of society (women, young people, and pensioners).
 European Commission report, “Social Dialogue in Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan Regulations and realities of social dialogue,” international training center publication, November 2015.
 My calculation is based on IFEDA, 2020, “Recherche dans le registre national des associations”.
 Jamaity is a privileged space for NGOs, displaying activities promoted by the different partner organizations but it is also an online resource for digital documentation, sharing of experiences and the place where the results of community projects are published. more information can be found on their website. See also the press release, “Launch of Jamaity.org: the largest NGO Platform in Tunisia,” Euromed rights, January 2014.
 Since 2011, EU assistance to Tunisia has amounted to almost €3 billion (over €2 billion in grants and €800 million in macro-financial assistance); see: European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations.
 In 2015-16, the top 10 donors of ODA were: EU institutions, France, Germany, the Arab Fund (AFESD), Japan, Italy, the United States, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Kuwait. data retrieved at OECD DAC Aid at glance page.
 Ester Sigillò, “Tunisia’s Evolving Islamic Charitable Sector and Its Model of Social Mobilization,” Middle East Institute, September 15, 2016.
 Mena Fatf report, “Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing measures,” May 2016.