Dr. Tal Pavel holds a Ph.D. in Middle Eastern Studies from Bar Ilan University. His specialties and interests are the Internet, Cyber, and ICT in the Middle East and North Africa. Dr. Pavel heads the Cybersecurity studies in the Information Systems Program, School of Economics and Management, the Academic College of Tel Aviv-Yaffo, as well as acting as the editor and owner of Middleeasternet.com for Internet, Cyber, and ICT in the Middle East and North Africa.
Dr. Hay Eytan Cohen Yanarocak is a researcher at the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies (MDC) at Tel Aviv University. He serves as the Turkey analyst for the Doron Halpern Middle East Network Analysis Desk’s publication, Beehive, and is co-editor of Turkeyscope. hayeytan[at]tauex.tau.ac.il.
 In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.